アルテスタ税理士法人

アルテスタ税理士法人は、INAAグループの日本代表事務所です。

国内法人税務、相続税務から、外国法人の日本進出まサポートまで総合的にサポート

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Japan Branch Office(type of business entity)

投稿日: 

■Outline and establishment

Branch is generally able to perform sales activities in Japan.

Branch must be registered in Japan and can open corporate bank account under the branch’s name. A branch manager (representative of the JP branch) must be appointed in order for the registration. The branch manager must be JP resident (no nationality requirement).

It typically takes about four weeks to set up a Japan branch.

■Corporate governance

The branch manager is just manager… The foreign headquarter(=HQ) make judgement of the business policy for the JP branch

■Taxation

(General)

A branch is subject to corporate tax in Japan. Taxation is as almost same as coporate type entity such as KK and GK. It is noted that financial statement of HQ must be submitted to tax office when JP branch file its branch financial statement.

(Per capita tax)

Per capita tax is imposed even if the branch do not have income. The amount due it 70,000 yen if the amount of HQ’s paid in capital is less than 10 mil yen. But the per capita tax is increased to 290,000 yen and 950,000yen per year if HQ’s paid in capital is “100 mil to 1 bil yen” and “1 bil to 5 bil yen”.

Branch is not good if HQ’s paid in capital is bigger.

(PE issue)

Branch is a PE (=Permanent Establishment) of HQ. If the HQ sales to the customers in Japan, such sales can be taxed in Japan as the sales is attributed to the JP branch.

It is case by case. But in general, setting up branch is not good if HQ have a sales to JP customer since the HQ is regarded to set up PE in Japan.

(Deemed sales )

The JP branch must recognize sales to HQ if the JP branch support HQ activity (even if the branch do not have sales in Japan). Under JP tax purpose, JP branch is considered as an independent entity from HQ. The idea is, if the branch was independed company from HQ, the company had issued invoices to the HQ. The JP branch is taxed as independed corporate entity from HQ.

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